The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail through the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and also the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Near My Location inside the colonies, some of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of the latest York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which can be a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail and is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania along with a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to another one.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 through the British Crown to begin a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents per year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt due to this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who has been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for the colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving up until the outbreak from the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements inside the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue in the North so when far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. The very first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York City, and the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This was outside of the British crown and was funded by buying subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that this colonies combine to form a United Postal Service. He thought that this could be a means to separate the colonies’ mail through the British postal inspectors. This way they could communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal company to Congress a couple of years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin have been dismissed of his post duties by the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an unbiased government. One of the primary questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and deliver the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment in the organization that took over as the Post Office Hours Today nearly two centuries later traces back to this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this position, as well as much others, to fulfill George Washington’s imagine an information highway in between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we might forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line from the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the foundation in the postal service which has performed magnificently for the American people.